Publishing Ethics


The journal Tribology and Materials follows ethical norms accepted by the international scientific community. It makes all efforts to prevent any infringements of the norms. The journal publishing ethics is based on standards developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and its guidelines for journal editors.

Plagiarism: The journal Tribology and Materials is committed to publishing only original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere nor is under review elsewhere. Plagiarism, where someone assumes another's ideas, words or other creative expressions as one's own, is a clear violation of scientific ethics. Plagiarism includes: word for word or almost word for word copying; purposely paraphrasing portions of another author's work without clearly indicating the source; copying equations, figures or tables from someone else's paper without properly citing the source and/or without permission from the original author or the copyright holder. All papers are checked for plagiarism by the specialised software. Every paper that shows obvious signs or indications of plagiarism will be automatically rejected.

Duplicate and redundant publication: Papers that are found to have been published elsewhere will be retracted in accordance with the retraction policy of the journal. If authors have used their own previously published study, or study that is currently under review, as the basis for a submitted manuscript, they are required to cite the previous paper and indicate how their submitted manuscript offers novel contributions beyond those of the previous work. Redundant publications involve an inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles and this is not acceptable.

Citation manipulation: Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or articles published in a particular journal, will incur journal sanctions.

Data fabrication and falsification: Papers that are found to have either fabricated or falsified results, including the manipulation of images, will be retracted in accordance with the retraction policy of the journal. Regarding image manipulation, it is allowed to technically improve images for readability. Proper technical manipulation refers to adjusting the contrast and/or brightness or colour balance if it is applied to complete a digital image.

Authorship and acknowledgement: All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution to the research. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given. Authors should properly cite sources that have significantly influenced their research and their manuscript.

Hazards and human or animal subjects: If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that has any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript. Manuscripts containing information related to human or animal use should clearly state that the research has complied with all relevant international guidelines and institutional policies.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is author’s obligation to promptly notify the Editor of the journal and cooperate with him/her to retract or correct the paper.

Retraction policy: The journal retracting policy is based on standards developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and its retraction guidelines. The main purpose of retractions is to correct the literature and ensure its integrity rather than to punish authors who misbehave. The retraction policy of the Tribology and Materials journal is based on the fact that minor errors in the accepted manuscript can be substantially corrected after the publication, while due to heavy abuse manuscripts can be discarded. The paper should be retracted as soon as possible after the Editor-in-Chief is convinced that the publication is seriously flawed and misleading (or is redundant or plagiarised). The aim is to minimise the number of researchers who cite the erroneous work, act on its findings or draw incorrect conclusions. Notices of retraction should mention the reasons and basis for the retraction, to distinguish cases of misconduct from those of honest error. Retracted articles will be clearly identified as such in all electronic sources (e.g. on the journal website, bibliographic databases and whereas it is possible).

Sanctions: In case of non-compliance with any of the above-mentioned Tribology and Materials journal policies, the following sanctions will be applied:

  • Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript.
  • Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to Tribology and Materials by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript.
  • Prohibition against all of the authors who have grossly violated the publishing ethics for any new submissions to the journal Tribology and Materials, for a minimum of two years.
  • Prohibition against all of the authors who have grossly violated the publishing ethics from participating in any of the matters that concern journal Tribology and Materials (reviews, editorial board, etc.), for a minimum of two years.

In cases where the violations of the policies are found to be particularly egregious, the publisher reserves the right to impose additional sanctions beyond those described above.